treatment of high blood pressure

Hypertension is a multifactorial pathology, its origin cannot be explained by a specific cause. And this complicates the selection of therapeutic measures to influence them. Treatment of hypertension is limited to maintaining an optimal level of pressure, alleviating the patient's condition and preventing possible complications. The disease can be controlled using a variety of methods, and each stage requires a specific approach. In order to achieve the maximum effect, the treatment of hypertension should sensibly combine traditional and non-traditional methods, taking into account the individual characteristics of the patient.

What is high blood pressure

Heart pain in high blood pressure

Before knowing how to treat high blood pressure, you need to understand what it is. Hypertension is a disease whose sure sign is an increase in blood pressure. It is considered elevated when the values on the tonometer scale regularly exceed the norm for a certain time and reach 140/90 and more. Other signs appear with further progression of the pathological condition. Common symptoms of high blood pressure are:

  • Headache;
  • frequent dizziness and weakness;
  • nausea, which can lead to vomiting;
  • Signs of increased excitement (nervousness, aggression, irritability);
  • poor sleep;
  • arrhythmia, heart pain;
  • Forgetfulness.

Arterial hypertension occurs when the walls of blood vessels are damaged and lose the ability to relax and contract by themselves and adapt to changing conditions. This happens under the influence of certain factors that provoke a persistent load on the vascular system. The main provocative factor in hypertension is considered excessive excitement of the central nervous system caused by strong emotional experiences.

Other factors also play an important role:

  • a large number of salty dishes on the menu;
  • Obesity;
  • lack of physical activity;
  • body aging;
  • heavy overhaul;
  • the habit of consuming cigarettes, alcohol;
  • hereditary predisposition to the disease.

To understand how to deal with hypertension, one must have an idea of its types, stages and degrees.

Doctor examines a patient with high blood pressure

In most cases, essential arterial hypertension is diagnosed. It occurs as an independent pathology under the influence of a number of different factors. In the treatment of primary hypertension, lifelong maintenance drug therapy is prescribed, which is combined with optimization of the general lifestyle and rhythm of life.

Symptomatic arterial hypertension occurs as a manifestation (symptom) of another disease. Arterial hypertension of the secondary type manifests itself more sharply and brightly, proceeds more severely and faster. To cope with such a pathology, you need to directly influence the cause of its occurrence. High blood pressure in this case can often only be treated with surgery.

Hypertension and its treatment go through different stages in its development. Depending on the extent of damage to the target organs, three stages are distinguished: the first stage is characterized by the absence of such lesions, the third stage causes irreversible, life-threatening processes. Such a concept as the degree of the disease indicates the degree of increase in blood pressure in hypertension. There are also three stages: in the first, the pressure rises slightly and erratically, the third is characterized by high, persistent, poorly corrected tonometer readings. The second stage and second degree can be characterized as a transitional phase.

Modern methods of dealing with pathology

Modern treatment includes traditional, classic treatment methods that can be supplemented with non-traditional, alternative methods. The traditional method is based on drug therapy.

About drug therapy

There is a certain list of drugs that meet the standard of traditional treatment for hypertension. All of them are prescribed only by a doctor, which is taken throughout life according to the prescribed scheme and dosage. Unauthorized cancellation or substitution of medication is not permitted. If hypertension develops, treatment should not be stopped, even if the pressure has returned to normal and the person is feeling well.

Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors

Properties of drugs:

  • They have few side effects.
  • They are able to protect the kidneys and heart from possible complications, they can keep the pressure normal for a long time.
  • These drugs are often used as monotherapy, but can also be used in combination with other active ingredients.
  • The essence of the action of ACE inhibitors is to prevent the transition from ACE 1 to ACE 2.
  • You can start taking antihypertensive drugs for hypertension from this group if the hypertension is responding well to drug control.

Angiotensin-2 Receptor Blockers (ARBs)

ARBs are a relatively new drug. In the treatment of hypertension, it was used not so long ago. Distinctive features:

  • Modern drugs give even fewer side effects.
  • Effectively protect internal organs.
  • They have good antihypertensive properties.
  • Angiotensin 2 cannot constrict blood vessels under the influence of these drugs because the receptors inside the vessels that send a signal for the vessel wall to contract are blocked.

beta blockers


  • They belong to the group of old-generation drugs.
  • They are prescribed for persistent arterial hypertension with high blood pressure.
  • Suitable for patients with heart problems.
  • They have quite a few side effects.
  • Medications are usually combined with diuretics.
  • There are contraindications to use (diabetes mellitus, arrhythmia, obstructive processes in the bronchi).

calcium channel blockers

Special properties and features:

  • They do not allow calcium ions to penetrate the vascular cell, which reduces the rigidity of the vascular walls.
  • Drugs dilate blood vessels, improve coronary blood flow in hypertension.
  • Allows you to effectively control the level of the upper and lower pressure readings.
  • There are some side effects.
  • The tablets have contraindications (narrowed aorta, impaired metabolism).


pills for high blood pressure

Otherwise they are referred to as diuretics. Key Features:

  • Remove excess fluid from the body.
  • Reduce potassium levels in cells.
  • May cause dehydration and hypokalemia (low potassium).
  • normalize blood pressure.
  • They are used as individual drugs and in combination with other drugs.

And now for some alternative treatments for a condition like arterial hypertension.

physical therapy

Such therapy very well complements the main treatment of hypertension. Its use makes it possible to reduce the dose of the medication taken, and in some cases to do without it altogether. Benefits of Physiotherapy:

  • improves the condition of blood vessels;
  • normalizes blood flow in the brain;
  • stabilizes the cardiovascular system;
  • helps relieve nervous tension.

If hypertension develops, what treatment can be recommended:

  1. The use of a galvanic collar based on a solution of magnesium sulfate and novocaine.
  2. The use of general Darsonvalization.
  3. electro sleep.
  4. massage procedure. The impact occurs in the head and collar area.
  5. Treatment with electrophoresis with bromine.

What treatment of the disease can still be tried?

iodine treatment

Iodine used to treat high blood pressure

Iodine is necessary to ensure normal oxidative processes that stimulate brain activity. Without them, the normal functioning of the thyroid gland is impossible. The mineral is able to neutralize unstable microbes, which leads to an improvement in mood and a reduction in irritability. It increases the elasticity of the walls of blood vessels and has a beneficial effect on blood plasma. Gives energy, helps burn fat, keeps teeth healthy, nails and hair strong and shiny.

Treatment of hypertension with iodine is the so-called "Indian method". How to overcome hypertension with its help? It is necessary to conduct such courses of treatment twice: in early autumn and in spring. The entire course lasts 20 days. After the first 10 daysof treatment they pause for another 10 days, and then continue for the next decade. The essence of the treatment is to draw circles with iodine and a cotton swab on certain areas of the body according to a certain pattern. Every day in a new place anew circle drawn.

Treatment with vitamins and minerals

It is believed that for effective treatment of hypertension, you need to take a special complex of minerals and vitamins. This method is based on the assumption that one of the main causes of high blood pressure is a lack of magnesium in the blood. Proponents of this method believe that taking magnesium in combination with vitamin B6, as well as such elements as taurine (a natural diuretic) and fish oil (a natural source of valuable amino acids) allows you to strengthen the cardiovascular system and completely do without drugs.

Low carbohydrate diet

How to get rid of hypertension diet symptoms? Fast carbohydrates are a source of obesity and blood cholesterol, they increase the risk of developing diabetes. These factors negatively affect the condition of the vessels. By reducing the amount of carbohydrates in the diet with the help of a special diet, you can achieve a reduction in blood pressure. Good results can be achieved by combining a diet with magnesium intake and moderate exercise.

In addition to these methods, arterial hypertension can be treated with homeopathy, hirudotherapy, exercise therapy, acupuncture, acupressure, breathing exercises, herbal medicine, yoga.

Principles and standard schemes of complex therapy

There are two approaches to drug therapy for high blood pressure.

  1. Clinical recommendations for the treatment of arterial hypertension in this case are as follows: drug exposure should begin with monotherapy. First, a drug is prescribed. The dose is simultaneously offered as low as possible in a given situation. If the effect is insufficient, the dose is gradually increased. If there is still no result or the drug has undesirable side effects, it is replaced with another. As the most extreme option, monotherapy is replaced by combined treatment.
  2. The treatment principles of arterial hypertension are completely different here. Supporters of a different approach are sure that it is advisable to start treatment not with one, but with several drugs at once. It is believed that two or more drugs from different groups that are well combined together work more effectively together than individually. Each of them eliminates the side effects caused by the other. In this case, it is possible to reduce the dose of both drugs as much as possible. And the effect will be high. This method of treatment is especially good for patients who are at high risk of developing complications in the form of diseases of the heart and blood vessels.
Medicines for high blood pressure

For the convenience of patients, drugs of combined action appeared in pharmacies, combining several active ingredients from different drug groups at once. It is convenient to take such tablets (drink one a day), and this is an important advantage.

Effective treatment of high blood pressure depends on the right drug combinations.

Recommended combinations of drug treatment of arterial hypertension:

  • diuretic in combination with an ACE inhibitor;
  • an ACE inhibitor together with a calcium channel blocker;
  • the use of a calcium antagonist in conjunction with an angiotensin-2 receptor blocker;
  • diuretic and calcium antagonist;
  • a diuretic together with an angiotensin-2 receptor blocker;
  • beta-blockers and diuretics;
  • Calcium channel blockers along with a beta blocker.

Each stage of the disease requires compliance with a certain scheme and principles of treatment of hypertension.

First level (140/90 - 160/100)

How to treat high blood pressure in the first stage? At an early stage of the disease, no drugs are prescribed. It is recommended to use them only in the event of a hypertensive crisis, when you need to provide first aid quickly and effectively. The first stage is the easiest, the pressure can be normalized by maintaining the right lifestyle. At this stage, you can actively use herbal medicine, massage, exercise therapy, physical therapy and other non-drug methods of alternative therapy.

Hypertension as a pathology of the first stage does not require the use of drugs. They are not used to stabilize pressure, but only when it is necessary to reduce the excitement of the central nervous system, normalize blood flow in the brain, and also affect the underlying disease (if we are talking about secondary hypertension).

Second Stage (160/100 - 180/110)

In most cases, it is about taking medication. Some patients get by with small doses and monotherapy. For others, you may need to increase the dose or prescribe combinations of drugs. Medications are prescribed not only to reduce pressure, but also to prevent the development of complications.

Drug therapy is combined with preventive measures, lifestyle optimization and elimination of provoking factors.

Third level (180/110 and above)

Blood pressure measurement in high blood pressure

Principles of treating hypertension at this stage:

  • You can't suddenly reduce the pressure.
  • It is advisable not to reduce the readings of the tonometer by more than 15% of the original values.
  • When treating a severe stage of the disease, the patient must be prescribed a combination therapy of 2-3 drugs.
  • When symptomatic hypertension is detected, medication is prescribed. affect the cause of the main disease. If necessary, surgical treatment is prescribed.

It is necessary to minimize risk factors and follow all the recommendations for treating hypertension that the doctor suggests. At this stage it is important to monitor the condition of the organs that are called target organs for hypertension: heart, kidneys, brain, eyes, blood vessels.

Kidney disease often causes high blood pressure. Drug treatment of nephrogenic (secondary) arterial hypertension should provide:

  • normalization of the pressure level;
  • relieving the patient's well-being, eliminating unpleasant symptoms;
  • inhibition of the development of renal failure;
  • Extension of the patient's life.

Most often, drugs are used to prepare the patient for surgery or in the postoperative period. Complex treatment is also advisable for the elderly and those who are contraindicated in anesthesia. The most effective and often the only measure to combat renal pathology is surgical treatment.

How to treat yourself properly and effectively

You can treat high blood pressure at home, but it is advisable to discuss all your actions with your doctor so that the treatment is beneficial and not harmful.

There are many effective and safe methods of lowering blood pressure that conventional medicine offers. How to treat arterial hypertension without drugs?

Bath. The use of hot foot baths reduces pressure well and quickly, especially when powdered mustard is added to the water.

Currant for high blood pressure

Garnet. Fruit in hypertension is very useful in itself. But you can be treated with pomegranate peels. They are brewed instead of tea and drunk in unlimited quantities.

Currant. It is useful in any form, especially fresh. You can make compotes, drink juice, make jam, it is very tasty and healthy to eat fresh berries mashed with sugar. It eliminates the unpleasant symptoms associated with high blood pressure.

Useful Vegetables. Arterial hypertension can be treated by eating a variety of vegetables. Beets are useful in any form. Its juice tolerates atherosclerosis well, lowers blood pressure. Potatoes baked "in uniform" contain a lot of potassium, which is good for the heart and blood vessels. It fights the pressure and strengthens the blood vessels. You must eat onions and garlic every day.

Healing Elixir. Ingredients: onion (1 piece), garlic (4 cloves), dried mountain ash (tablespoon). Grind all this, pour cold water (1 liter) and after boiling, boil over low heat for 15 minutes. After that, pour in a pinch of herbs: feltweed, dill, parsley. All this is mixed well and boiled for another 15 minutes.

After cooking, cool and strain. Next, get rid of high blood pressure by taking one and a half tablespoons up to 4 times a day. It is necessary to drink the remedy for half an hour before meals. The entire course lasts about ten days. After a break of 21 days, do a treatment again.

Rose hip with honey. Brew a tablespoon of dried rose hips (fruit) in boiling water (500 g), then heat over low heat for 10 minutes. Then let cool and pass through cheesecloth. You can drink the recommended remedy in any amount, adding honey (1 tablespoon) to the drink.

drink mineral water. In mineral water (200 g) add honey (1 tablespoon), lemon (juice of half a fruit), stir everything. To cope with hypertension, you need to drink the medicine in the morning before meals, a glass during the week.

Is it possible to get rid of high blood pressure permanently?

Headache with high blood pressure

If secondary hypertension is diagnosed, fighting it can be very effective. How to treat arterial hypertension in this case? Timely finding the cause of the disease and eliminating it will lead to a complete cure from hypertension. A good result gives surgical treatment. The patient can avoid serious complications and end hypertension once and for all.

In the case of essential (primary) hypertension, a complete cure can only be expected at a very early stage of the development of the disease. To do this, you need to get into the habit of regularly measuring pressure, this applies to absolutely everyone, even healthy people. Anyone can devote a few minutes to this simple procedure. Timely fluctuations in indicators can stop the progression of hypertension.

How to get rid of high blood pressure forever? To combat the outbreak of the disease, you need to reconsider your priorities. It is important to understand that the further development of events depends only on the person himself. What needs to be done to cure the disease:

  • time and complete rest;
  • protect the nervous system;
  • almost completely abstain from salt;
  • Force yourself to walk more, exercise more, exercise regularly, or at least exercise;
  • do not sit at the computer for a long time;
  • try to lose weight if the weight has exceeded the permissible limits;
  • forget about cigarettes, coffee, alcohol;
  • Eliminate harmful foods from the diet, especially those that increase cholesterol and affect weight.
Cardiac and arterial hypertension

Folk remedies come to the rescue, as well as a variety of methods of drug-free alternative medicine. The main thing is not to overdo it with treatment and consult a doctor in order to cope with hypertension as effectively as possible.

If a hypertensive disease has passed the first stage, then you need to brace yourself for lifelong treatment and not have vain illusions. How to beat hypertension in chronic form - no one knows. All a person can do in this situation is learn to control the disease.

When fighting hypertension, we must remember that self-medication without taking prescribed drugs can only do harm. You have to constantly take pills, even when it seems that your health is in perfect order. Treating hypertension with additional methods can prevent possible complications, reduce the side effects of drugs and reduce their dosage. However, the abolition of drug therapy can be thought of only in the early stages of the disease, only with the permission of the attending physician.